Genealogy 101


Ancestor ~ A person that we are descended from.

Census ~  An official periodic count of a population including such information as sex, age, occupation, etc. (2009, Collins English Dictionary)

Family Group Sheet ~ A record to keep track of a family, specifically detailing parents and children.

Gedcom ~ An acronym for GEnealogical Data COMmunication which is used in exchanging genealogical information between different software.  (

Genealogy ~ A record or account of the ancestry and descent of a person, family, group, etc. (

Generation ~ All of the offspring that are at the same stage of descent from a common ancestor. (2002, The American Heritage Science Dictionary)

Given Name ~ The first name given at birth.

IGI ~ International Genealogical Index - data extracted from filmed civil and ecclesiastic records from various worldwide locales and member-submitted information (Wikipedia)

Indexing ~ Through indexing records are made available online for millions of people to search for.

Namesake ~ A person whom you were named after.

Pedigree Chart ~ An at glance look at an individuals ancestral line.

Surname ~ The last name or name of the family.

Vital Records ~ Birth, marriage, and death records that can prove connections such as parentage.